Benferri
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Benferri

The history of this town of Alicante, dates back to the time of the Punic Wars between Carthaginians and Romans.
At this time there was not anything built or built in the area. The location of the site of the village witnessed many skirmishes between the two bandosYa in time of the Muslim conquest, the field of Slaughter (now hamlet of Orihuela), near where the town is now located, was the scene of a battle between noble Visigoth Teodomiro and Muslims being held back the latter in their advance, resulting in 713 an honorable capitulation for Teodomiro, whereby maintaining the autonomy of its territory in exchange for a tribute, lasting this redoubt Hispanidad Gótica until the ninth century.
Years later a shepherdess in the area witnessed an apparition.

In 768, Muslims seized of Orihuela and its region for 747 years. With the conquest of the Arab region came technological advances, its retaining walls, waterwheels, dams, ditches and crops. The land cultivated increased and improved crop yields, thus allowing the barracks and farmsteads that populated the area, arose villages Redován, Cox, Almoradí and Benferri, which is therefore one of the towns that originated in the Iberian Peninsula after árabe.Benferri, or Beniferri (Partida Ferri) expansion are indicative terms in Arabic that possession of these lands was, at the time of the founding of the town in the hands of the leader of one of items that settled in these lands. During this time Benferri was little more than a tower.

The Reconquista came to the lands of the region of Orihuela in the year 1242, from the hand of Castilian King Ferdinand III “The Saint”. However, after the Treaty of Almizra, between the crowns of Castile and Aragon, Orihuela and its surrounding land they became property of the Aragonese kings. Since then, Benferri was related to the family Rocamora, who after accompanying Jaime I of Aragon in his Valencia campaign Reconquest, these lands obtained in return for services rendered in the guerra.En 1464, Juan Rocamora bought the estate and tower Rocamora, this being the lying at the heart of the future link and dominion. In 1494 the manor still consisted only of a tower, but Jaime de Rocamora began to populate the area by attracting homes and families, work continued by his son Jeronimo de Rocamora, who thanks to the fortune he had obtained from its financial activities, managed the settlement of 29 families.
At this time the council ordered the cleaning of the raft Benferri, an Arab reservoir that nothing remains.
Was erected in 1622, through the Rocamora family, the new parish dedicated to St. Jerome Renaissance tardío.A because of the great plague that devastated the region in 1648, a demographic stagnation and a decline of acreage is generated. Still, plowing the lands of Benferri and Slaughter did not get to be paralyzed. The demographic decline is reflected in the available statistical data, according to which, in 1712, the population was 22 inhabitants. After a repopulation took place, so that neighbors were 544 in 1769. At this time the council ordered the cleaning of the raft Benferri, an Arab reservoir that nothing remains. Was erected in 1622, through the Rocamora family, the new parish dedicated to St. Jerome Renaissance tardío.A because of the great plague that devastated the region in 1648, a demographic stagnation and a decline of acreage is generated. Still, plowing the lands of Benferri and Slaughter did not get to be paralyzed. The demographic decline is reflected in the available statistical data, according to which, in 1712, the population was 22 inhabitants. After a repopulation took place, so that neighbors were 544 in 1769. At this time the council ordered the cleaning of the raft Benferri, an Arab reservoir that nothing remains. Was erected in 1622, through the Rocamora family, the new parish dedicated to St. Jerome Renaissance tardío.A because of the great plague that devastated the region in 1648, a demographic stagnation and a decline of acreage is generated. Still, plowing the lands of Benferri and Slaughter did not get to be paralyzed. The demographic decline is reflected in the available statistical data, according to which, in 1712, the population was 22 inhabitants. After a repopulation took place, so that neighbors were 544 in 1769. by means of the Rocamora family, the new parish dedicated to St. Jerome Renaissance tardío.A because of the great plague that devastated the region in 1648, a demographic stagnation and a decline of acreage is generated. Still, plowing the lands of Benferri and Slaughter did not get to be paralyzed. The demographic decline is reflected in the available statistical data, according to which, in 1712, the population was 22 inhabitants. After a repopulation took place, so that neighbors were 544 in 1769. by means of the Rocamora family, the new parish dedicated to St. Jerome Renaissance tardío.A because of the great plague that devastated the region in 1648, a demographic stagnation and a decline of acreage is generated. Still, plowing the lands of Benferri and Slaughter did not get to be paralyzed. The demographic decline is reflected in the available statistical data, according to which, in 1712, the population was 22 inhabitants. After a repopulation took place, so that neighbors were 544 in 1769. The demographic decline is reflected in the available statistical data, according to which, in 1712, the population was 22 inhabitants. After a repopulation took place, so that neighbors were 544 in 1769. The demographic decline is reflected in the available statistical data, according to which, in 1712, the population was 22 inhabitants. After a repopulation took place, so that neighbors were 544 in 1769.

In the late seventeenth century the Jesuits take possession of some lands of the village, inherited from Doña Maria Valenzuela, Marquesa de El Rafal, an inheritance of orchards and two other farms in the area of ​​Salinas. All this on condition that the order would open a home-school in Orihuela. The Jesuits accepted and took possession of their new lands on 21 May 1735 1695.El pattern indicated that none of the neighbors of Benferri owned, being all the characteristics of Francisco D. Rocamora haciendas.

During the eighteenth century, include the contentious that kept the Jesuits with the family Rocamora for the income they produced these farms.
In 1828 some 98 houses of one floor is usually recorded, except three or four which form three streets Stoning with a spacious square. The land generally participates in rainfed crops with olive groves and some fig trees, watered only with water from the avenues of the Rambla de Abanilla. The productions are wheat, barley, oil, figs, soda and barrilla.Otros nineteenth century events that deserve special mention are:
The meeting, in 1837, during the first Carlist War, without getting to grips, Carlist, commanding forcadell, and Elizabethans, to the orders of Colonel Hidalgo. And the second, the earthquake that almost destroyed the city of Orihuela, without affecting Benferri.
The highlight today the historical heritage of Benferri is the parish of St. Jerome, built in 1622, a late Renaissance style. The church has three naves, a central and two lateral, which together near the altar finishing with a dome adorned with different spandrels at the sides. Particularly striking is a small tower with windows that illuminate the center of the Church. which together near the altar finishing with a dome adorned with different spandrels at the sides. Particularly striking is a small tower with windows that illuminate the center of the Church. which together near the altar finishing with a dome adorned with different spandrels at the sides. Particularly striking is a small tower with windows that illuminate the center of the Church.

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Palacio Provincial, Avda. de la Estación, número 6, Alicante, CP 03005

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